Supporting Traffic Safety Information System of Countries in South East Asia
The improvement of road safety is a top priority for developing countries in South East Asia. While the average ESCAP road traffic fatality rate remains at about 18-19 deaths per 100,000 inhabitants from 2013 to 2016, the average rate in the South East Asia sub-region had improved from 21.44 to 17.85 in the same period. Within the ESCAP region, the top three countries with the highest average road traffic fatality rate in 2016 were in South East Asia (Thailand at 32.7, Viet Nam at 26.4 and Malaysia at 23.6).
The majority of South East Asian countries are also lower middle-income economics. Given that 90 per cent of global road traffic crashes occur in low and middle income countries, improving road safety in South East Asia will help meet the targets set under the United Nations Decade of Action for Road Safety 2011–2020 and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which include goals relevant to road safety and sustainable transport.
The Ministerial Conference on Transport at its third session, held in Moscow in December 2016, adopted eight regional road safety goals and targets for Asia and the Pacific, with the overall objective of a 50-per cent reduction in fatalities and serious injuries on the roads of the region in the run-up to the end of the Decade of Action for Road Safety.
Additionally, with a view to promoting regional road safety standards along the Asian Highway network, the ESCAP secretariat, in close collaboration with the Korea Expressway Corporation, worked on harmonizing road safety infrastructure facilities along the Asian Highway routes, during 2015-2017. As a result of the initiative, a new annex to the Intergovernmental Agreement on the Asian Highway Network – annex II bis, entitled “Asian Highway design standards for road safety” – was adopted at the seventh meeting of the Working Group on the Asian Highway, held in Bangkok in December 2017. As per article 8 (5) of the Agreement, this new annex will enter into force 12 months after two thirds of the parties to the Agreement have deposited an instrument of acceptance with the Secretary-General, either directly or through the ESCAP secretariat, which stands ready to assist in the process.
With the above background in mind, the United Nations ESCAP and the International Transport Forum (ITF) co-organized a meeting on road safety which focused on recent developments in South East Asia on road safety and linkages to regional and global initiatives and processes. The meeting was supported by the Government of the Republic of Korea. Country delegates from the South East Asian member countries and representatives from development partners including the Asian Development Bank (ADB), the World Bank and the World Health Organization (WHO) participated in the meeting.
The workshop was an opportunity to discuss:
- Existing road safety conditions and initiatives in South East Asia
- The importance of road safety data and crash data systems for developing effective road safety policies
- The development of a Road Safety Observatory for Asia and the participation of South East Asian countries
- Global initiatives, including the 3rd Ministerial Conference on Road Safety
- Global network for Road Safety Legislator, regional network for South East Asia
The meeting recognized the road safety as a sustainable development challenge and re-affirmed that improving road safety data management systems and strengthening collaborative efforts would be necessary towards improving road safety in South East Asia member countries as well as in the ESCAP region.
- 1. Better Data for a Safe System - IRTAD Group of the ITF
- 2. UN ESCAP Road Safety Activities and Opportunities - ESCAP
- 3. The ASEAN Transport Strategic Plan 2016-2025 and Progress of Road Safety Initiatives - ASEAN
- 4. Motorcyclists' Safety Regulations - Malaysian Institute of Road Safety Research (MIROS)
- 5. Thailand Experience and Insights - Ministry of Transport of Thailand
- 6. WHO Global Status Report on Road Safety - The Southeast Asia Story - WHO
- 7. The Bloomberg Philanthropies Initiative for Global Road Safety (BIGRS): Project in Southeast Asia - Vital Strategies
- 8. Safety Performance Indicators - KOTI
- 9. Multisectoral Approach to improving Road Traffic Death Data in Thailand - Ministry of Public Health of Thailand
- 10. What is Road Safety Observatory - ITF
- 11. Governance Options - ADB
- 12. Governance Options - ESCAP
- 13. DRIVER: The World Bank's Tool for Crash Data Visualisation, Evaluation and Reporting - World Bank
- 14. DRIVER: Implementation in Philippines - Philippines National Police - Highway Patrol Group
- 15. Improving Road Safety Data in Cambodia - Ministry of Public Works and Transport of Cambodia