Economic and Social Survey of Asia and the Pacific 1980

Flagship20 Apr 1980

The present Survey is the thirty-fourth in a series of reports prepared annually by the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP). A major object of these Surveys is the analysis of recent economic and social developments in the region and of related international developments. Particular attention is paid to economic and social policy issues and broad development strategies.

In recent years, in addition to the review and analysis of economic and social developments, it has been the practice to present in the Survey reports of studies concerning major issues in the countries of the region, as a contribution to the continuing effort to understand the behaviour of their economies and to assess the implications of their experiences for economic and social policy.

Part one of the present Survey contains a review of recent economic developments in the region. Part two presents the secretariat study entitled “Short-term economic policy aspects of the energy situation in the ESCAP region” which was the main theme for discussion at the thirty-seventh session of ESCAP. The study reviews the energy situation in developing ESCAP countries and analyses the impact on these economies of the 1973/74 increase in oil prices. The major economic policy options available for the short-term management of energy demand and supply are discussed in detail and the importance of energy planning is stressed. Because of the unique circumstances of the South Pacific countries, separate attention is given to their problems and a number of possibilities for regional, interregional and international co-operation are considered.

This Survey is published on the sole responsibility of the ESCAP secretariat. Although the contents have benefited from the comments of independent experts and of official representatives of member countries, the views expressed herein are not necessarily those of the Commission or the Governments of its members and associate members.